UVic Archives > ESA

Island Copper Mine fonds
(Acc. No. 2000-069)

Island Copper Mine fonds — 1970-2000.

3.9 m. of textual records.

The Island Copper Mine, which was Canada's third largest copper mine, was located about 16 kilometres South of Port Hardy, near the northern end of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. From 1970 to 1995, Copper, Gold, Silver, Molybdenum and a by-product Rhenium were mined, using conventional open pit truck and shovel methods. At closing more than 1 billion tons of material had been moved, leaving the deepest excavated depression below sea-level on earth.

At one time, the mine employed over 900 people, and helped turn the tiny community of Port Hardy into a town of 5,000. It also made very significant contributions to the mining and milling industry. Because of the challenges faced by the mine, including low-grade ore and economic recession, many improvements to techniques and equipment were implemented, and copied around the world. Examples include the tailings disposal system, the comprehensive environmental monitoring program, the use of a semi-mobile crusher system located in the pit itself, and the South Wall Pushback, a 4,000 foot long plastic concrete wall constructed as a seepage barrier against seawater intrusion, which allowed mining to continue longer than anticipated.

To deal with the massive amounts of mine tailings produced, Island Copper Mine discharged around 400 million tons of tailings through an outfall at 50 m depth into the adjacent Rupert Inlet, a process known as submarine tailings disposal (STD) or submarine tailings placement (STP). The mine's final environmental project was the conversion of the pit to a meromictic pit lake, which involved flooding the pit with seawater, and forming a stratified lake with anoxic bottom waters into which the acid rock drainage could be injected and neutralized. This was a novel, near-passive system.

ICM pioneered the engineering for STD systems and the monitoring techniques for assessing the impact of tailings on the marine ecosystems, and subsequent recovery from that impact. Professor Ellis of the University of Victoria was a member of the BC Universities' team of scientists and engineers which for thirty years oversaw the assessments conducted by the mine. His particular responsbility was with the seabed assessments.

The Island Copper Mine fonds consists of environmental reports, scientific articles, newspaper clippings, letters, and other documents arranged in six series: Annual Environmental Reports; ICM Staff Environmental Reports; University Reports; Consultants' Reports; Government Reports; and Other Reports. These reports document the history of the mine, as well as the monitoring information, problems, and solutions it dealt with over the years. The first two series are arranged by date. The remaining series are arranged alphabetically by author. A bibliography of environmental reports and publications by or about the mine, compiled by Professor Ellis, is included in the fonds.

Title based on contents of fonds.
Donated by Island Copper Mine in 2000.
Inventory available.
Acc. No. 2000-069.

(photo of the Island Copper Mine)

After 20 years of operation, the Island Copper Mine was reclaiming its dump of waste rock around the pit. Tailings were discharged deep into the adjacent fjord.

1. Annual Environmental Reports, 1971-1998

Box 1

1971. University of British Columbia. Summary Report: Pre-Operational Phase, March-September 1971. Submitted to the Environmental Control Program, Island Copper Mine (Rupert Inlet, BC). 54 pp.

1971-1972. University of British Columbia. Appendices No. 1 and 2, to Accompany Summary Report: Initial Production Year, October 1971-September 1972. Submitted to the Environmental Control Program, Island Copper Mine. 24+ pp. Abstract

1971-1972. University of British Columbia. Appendix No. 3, to Accompany Summary Report: Initial Production Year, October 1971-September 1972: Island Copper Mine Monitoring Program, Annual Review 1972: Biological Parameters. Submitted to the Environmental Control Program, Island Copper Mine. 226 pp. Abstract

1971-1972. University of British Columbia. Summary Report: Initial Production Year, October 1971-September 1972. Submitted to the Environmental Control Program, Island Copper Mine. 82 pp.

1972-1973. University of British Columbia. Appendix No. 1, to Accompany Summary Report: Second Production Year, October 1972-September 1973. Dispersal of Recent Sediments and Mine Tailing in a Shallow-Silled Fjord, Rupert Inlet, British Columbia. Submitted as a Thesis to the Environmental Control Program, Island Copper Mine, by R.D. Johnson. 181 pp. Abstract

1972-1973. University of British Columbia. Appendix No. 2, to Accompany Summary Report: Second Production Year, October 1972-September 1973. Submitted to the Environmental Control Program, Island Copper Mine. 195 pp. and Includes the Second and Third Reports on Metal Levels in Edible Clams.

1972-1973. University of British Columbia. Summary Report: Second Production Year, October 1972-September 1973. Submitted to the Environmental Control Program, Island Copper Mine. 19 pp.

1973-1974. University of British Columbia. Appendix No. 1, to Accompany Summary Report: Third Production Year, October 1973-September 1974. Submitted to the Environmental Control Program, Island Copper Mine.

1973-1974. University of British Columbia. Appendix No. 3, to Accompany Summary Report: Third Production Year, October 1973-September 1974. Submitted to the Environmental Control Program, Island Copper Mine. Abstract

1973-1974. University of British Columbia. Summary Report: Third Production Year, October 1973-September 1974. Submitted to the Environmental Control Program, Island Copper Mine. 24 pp.

1974-1975. University of British Columbia. Appendix No. 1, to Accompany Summary Report: Fourth Production Year, October 1974-September 1975. Submitted to the Environmental Control Program, Island Copper Mine. 57 pp.

1974-1975. University of British Columbia. Appendix No. 2, to Accompany Summary Report: Fourth Production Year, October 1974-September 1975: Near Shore Benthic Biota Study in Rupert and Holberg Inlets. Report to Island Copper Mine as Requested by the Independent Agency of the Environmental Control Program. BERP Report 76-1. 63 pp.

1974-1975. University of British Columbia. Appendix No. 3, to Accompany Summary Report: Fourth Production Year, October 1974-September 1975. A Report to the UBC Independent Monitoring Group for the Island Copper Mine. Abstract

1974-1975. University of British Columbia. Appendix No. 4, to Accompany Summary Report: Fourth Production Year, October 1974-September 1975. Submitted to the Environmental Control Program, Island Copper Mine. 42 pp. Abstract

1974-1975. University of British Columbia. Summary Report: Fourth Production Year, October 1974-September 1975. Submitted to the Environmental Control Program, Island Copper Mine. 36 pp.

1975-1976. University of British Columbia. Summary Report and Appendices No.1 and 2: Fifth Production Year, October 1975-September 1976, Vol. 1. Submitted to the Environmental Control Program, Island Copper Mine. 11+ pp.

1977. Island Copper Environmental Staff. Sixth Production Year: October 1976-September 1977: Environmental Control Program, Island Copper Mine (Rupert Inlet, BC), Vol. 2. 654 pp. Abstract

1977. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. 92 pp. and Appendix. Abstract

1977. University of British Columbia. Appendices No. 4 and 5, Concerning Physical and Chemical Aspects of the Marine Environmental Program, Vol. 3. A Report to the U.BC Independent Monitoring Group for Island Copper Mine.

1977. University of British Columbia. Appendix No. 3: Summary of Environmental Appraisals during the Fifth Operating Year, Vol. 2. Report to UBC Independent Monitoring Group for Island Copper Mine. 49 pp. Abstract

Box 2

1978. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. 556 pp. and Appendices.

1978. Utah Mines Limited, Environmental Quality Department. Island Copper Mine: Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. 103 pp. Abstract

1979. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. 87 pp. Abstract

1979. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. 540 pp. and Appendix. Abstract

1980. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. 97 pp. Executive Summary

1980. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. 619 pp. and Appendix. Abstract

1981. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. 118 pp. Executive Summary

1981. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. 583 pp. and Appendix. Abstract

1982. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. 106 pp. and Appendix. Executive Summary

1982. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. 614 pp. and Appendix.

Box 3

1983. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. 152 pp. and Appendices. Executive Summary

1983. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. 602 pp. and Appendix. Abstract

1984. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. 218 pp. and Appendix. Executive Summary

1984. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. 576 pp. Abstract

1985. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. 230 pp. and Appendices. Executive Summary

1985. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. 566 pp. Abstract

1986. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Appendix 1. The Benthos Survey: A Report on the University of Victoria Research Contract with Island Copper Mine. 246 pp. Abstract

1986. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. 153 pp. and Appendices. Executive Summary

1986. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. 469 pp. Abstract

Box 4

1987. Island Copper Mine, BHP-Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. Executive Summary

1987. Island Copper Mine, BHP-Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. 510 pp. Abstract

1988. Island Copper Mine, BHP-Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. Executive Summary

1988. Island Copper Mine, BHP-Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. 529 pp. Abstract

1989. Island Copper Mine, BHP-Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. Executive Summary

1989. Island Copper Mine, BHP-Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. 487 pp. Abstract

1990. Island Copper Mine, BHP-Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. Executive Summary

1990. Island Copper Mine, BHP-Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. 506 pp. Abstract

1991. Island Copper Mine, BHP-Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. Executive Summary

1991. Island Copper Mine, BHP-Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. 540 pp. Abstract

Box 5

1992. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. Executive Summary

1992. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. 482 pp. Abstract

1993. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. Executive Summary

1993. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. 576 pp. Abstract

1994. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. Executive Summary

1994. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. Abstract

1995. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. Executive Summary

1995. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. Abstract

1996. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. Executive Summary

1996. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. Abstract

Box 6

1996. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 3: Benthos. Executive Summary

1997. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1. Executive Summary

1997. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2. Abstract

1997. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 3: Presentation and Interpretation of the 1997 Benthos Data and Post-Mining Recovery of Infaunal Benthos in Rupert Inlet. Executive Summary

1997. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 4.

1998. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 1: Text. Executive Summary

1998. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 2: Data. Abstract

1998. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Annual Environmental Assessment Report, Vol. 3: Benthos. 1998 Review; Supplement to the 1996 Review; Time Series Summary Data 1970-1998; Particle Size Analyses 1997 and 1998. Executive Summary

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2. ICM Staff Environmental Reports, 1970-2000

1970, November and December Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters. 64 pp.

1971, April, May and June Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters.

1971, January, February, and March Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters.

Box 7

1971, July, August, and September Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters.

1971, October, November and December Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters.

1972, December Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters. 236 pp. Abstract

1972, January, February, and March Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters.

1972, June Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters. 191 pp. Abstract

1972, September Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters. 184 pp. Abstract

1973, December Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters. 279 pp. Abstract

1973, June Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters. 238 pp. Abstract

1973, March Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters. 176 pp. Abstract

1973, September Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters. 191 pp. Abstract

Box 8

1974, December Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters. 190 pp. Abstract

1974, June Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters. 237 pp. Abstract

1974, March Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters. 197 pp. Abstract

1974, September Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters. 287 pp. Abstract

1975, December Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters. 196 pp. Abstract

1975. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Report of Reclamation and Research. 28 pp.

1975, June Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters. 241 pp. Abstract

1975, March Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters. 214 pp. Abstract

1975, September Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters. 282 pp. Abstract

1976. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Reclamation Report for Permit Renewal. 13 pp.

1976, June Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters. 232 pp. Abstract

1976, March Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters. 222 pp. Abstract

1976, November. Utah Mines Environmental Studies. Tailings Disposal, Island Copper. 196 pp. and Appendices.

1976, September Quarterly. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Marine, Freshwater, Effluent, and Meteorological Monitoring at Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters. 298 pp. Abstract

Box 9

1977. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Report of Reclamation and Research. Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. 9. 34 pp.

1978. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd. Annual Reclamation Report and Proposed Program for 1979. Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. 9. 35+ pp.

1978, September. Island Copper Environmental Department. A Preliminary Delineation of Suspended Sediment Movement Through Quatsino Narrows.

1979. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Limited. Reclamation Report for Permit Renewal: Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. M-9. 20 pp.

1980. Island Copper Environmental Department. A Study of the Suspended Sediment Movement Through Quatsino Narrows.

1980. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Limited. Reclamation Report: Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. M-9. 20 pp.

1981. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Limited. Reclamation Report: Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. M-9. 19 pp.

1982. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Limited. Reclamation Report: Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. M-9. 21+ pp.

1983. Island Copper Environmental Department. Island Copper: Beach Waste Dump Present and Future Impacts on Rupert Inlet.

1983. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Limited. Reclamation Report: Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. M-9. 31+ pp.

1983, January. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Limited. Responses to Waldichuk-Buchanan Report.

1984. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Limited. Reclamation Report: Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. M-9. 32 pp.

1985. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Limited. Reclamation Report: Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. M-9. 32 pp.

1986. Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Limited. Reclamation Report: Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. M-9. 40 pp.

1987. Island Copper Mine, BHP-Utah Mines Ltd. Reclamation Report: Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. M-9. 38 pp.

1988. Island Copper Mine, BHP-Utah Mines Ltd. Reclamation Report: Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. M-9. 41 pp.

1989. Island Copper Mine, BHP-Utah Mines Ltd. Reclamation Report: Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. M-9. 32 pp.

1990. Island Copper Mine, BHP-Utah Mines Ltd. Reclamation Report: Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. M-9. 37 pp.

1990, September. BHP-Utah Minerals International. Island Copper Mine Closure Plan. Includes Personal Correspondence from D.Ellis to I.Horne. Executive Summary

1991. Island Copper Mine, BHP-Utah Mines Ltd. Reclamation Report: Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. M-9. 25 pp.

1992. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Reclamation Report: Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. M-9. 29 pp.

1992. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Report and Minutes of Meeting on Island Copper Mine Closure. Prepared by J.W. Murray. 24 pp.

1993. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Island Copper Mine: Risk Analysis Workshop. Scope Definition Paper.

1993. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Reclamation Report: Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. M-9. 30 pp.

1993, May. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Prospectus: Rupert Arm Municipal Solid Waste Residual Landfill. Submitted to Mount Waddington Regional District (Port McNeill, BC). Includes Personal Correspondence from G.E. Oldham to I. Horne and from R.B. Robertson. Executive Summary

1994, December. Vancouver Island Mine Development Review Committee. Island Copper Mine Closure Plan: Relevant Correspondences, Notes and Faxes (9 pp.) Submitted to BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. (Port Hardy, BC).

1994, December. Vancouver Island Mine Development Review Committee. Island Copper Mine Closure Plan. Submitted to BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. (Port Hardy, BC). Includes Relevant Correspondences, Notes and Faxes (9 pp.), in Separate Folder. Executive Summary

1994. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Reclamation Report: Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. M-9. 37 pp.

1994, October. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Island Copper Mine: Draft Closure Plan. Executive Summary

Box 10

1996, March. Vancouver Island Mine Development Review Committee. Island Copper Mine Closure Plan Addendum: Appendices A to E. Submitted to BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. (Port Hardy, BC).

1996, March. Vancouver Island Mine Development Review Committee. Island Copper Mine Closure Plan Addendum: Appendices F to H. Submitted to BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. (Port Hardy, BC).

1996, March. Vancouver Island Mine Development Review Committee. Island Copper Mine Closure Plan Addendum. Submitted to BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. (Port Hardy, BC). Executive Summary

1997. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Reclamation Report: Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. M-9. 37+ pp.

1997, October. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Environmental Site Assessment, Vol.2. Prepared for Meeting Between VIMDRC and BHP Copper held at Island Copper Mine Site. Executive Summary

1999. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Reclamation Report: Operation and Surface Work, Permit No. M-9. 135 pp.

1999. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Review of Island Copper Beach Dump Well Monitoring. Summary

2000, April. Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. Island Copper Mine: Inventory of Files Shipped to BHP Vancouver.

2000. B. Welchman and C. Aspinall. Mine Closure and Sustainable Development: Island Copper Mine: a Case History. Prepared for the World Bank; Mine Closure and Sustainable Development Workshop (Washington, D.C.). Executive Summary

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3. University Reports, 1970-2000

Bird, D.A., W.B. Lyons and G.C. Miller. 1994. An Assessment of Hydrogeochemical Computer Codes Applied to Modeling Post-Mining Pit Water Geochemistry. Tailings and Mine Waste 1994, Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 31-40. Abstract

deVries, G.A. 1992. The Effects of Acid Mine Drainage From the Mines Pit Wall Faces. Work Term Report, Performed at BHP-Minerals Canada Ltd. (Port Hardy, BC). 32 pp. Executive Summary

Dorcey, A.H. and B.R. Martin. 1986. Reaching Agreement in Impact Management: a Case Study of the Utah and Amax Mines. Review Draft to be Revised for Presentation at Follow-up/ Audit of Environmental Assessment Results Conference. 25 pp., Includes Notes.

Drinkwater, K.F. and T.R. Osborn. 1975. The Role of Tidal Mixing in Rupert and Holberg Inlets, Vancouver Island. Limnology and Oceanography Vol. 20(4), pp. 518-529. Abstract

Ellis, D.V. 1972. Interpretation and Evaluation of Transmissometer Surveys Undertaken by Dobrocky Seatech Ltd. on Behalf of Utah Construction and Mining Co. Ltd. in the Area Adjacent to Island Copper Mine. Report to Island Copper Mine. 61 pp. Abstract

Ellis, D.V. 1977. Effectiveness of Existing Pollution Controls as Shown by Four Case-Histories; and Recommendations for Future Control. Submission to the Public Inquiry into Pollution Control Objectives for the Mining, Mine-Milling and Smelting Industries. 23 pp. Abstract

Ellis, D.V. 1979. Preliminary SEM Investigation of Biological Tissues for Mine Tailing. Report to Island Copper Mine. Includes Extra Prints and Negatives.

Ellis, D.V. 1981. Island Copper Data Relevant to the Waldichuk-Buchanan Report. Includes Minidisks, Notes and a Correspondence from D. Ellis to G. Andrews.

Ellis, D.V. 1983. Submersible Surveys in the Tailings Receiving Area for Island Copper Mine. University of Victoria Cruise Report. 23 pp. Abstract

Ellis, D.V. 1989. Environments at Risk: Case Histories of Impact Assessment. Springer Preview. 1 p.

Ellis, D.V. 1989. Supplementary Benthos Report 1988. Executive Summary

Ellis, D.V. 1996. Development of a Criteria-Based Shoreline Recovery Assessment Procedure at Island Copper Mine. Draft of Report to Island Copper Mine. Abstract

Ellis, D.V. 1997. Year 1 Appraisal of Shoreline Biodiversity on the Beach Dump Face at Island Copper Mine. Report to Island Copper Mine. Summary

Ellis, D.V. 1998. The Beach Dump Face at Island Copper Mine; Intertidal Biodiversity Colonization and Sustainability 1996-1998. Draft Report for the Environmental Advisory Group Meeting, and Subsequently for Redistribution to Regulatory Agencies After any Agreed Changes. Abstract

Ellis, D.V. 1999. Reclamation of the Beach Dump; the 1999 Biodiversity Survey of the Shoreline Face. Report to Island Copper Mine, BHP Minerals Canada, Ltd. 15 pp. Executive Summary

Ellis, D.V. and C. Heim. 1984. Submersible Surveys of Benthos Above the Tailings Turbidity Cloud in Rupert Inlet. University of Victoria Cruise Report. Manuscript Report #244. 41 pp. Abstract

Ellis, D.V. and J.L. Littlepage. 1971. An Investigation of the Accumulated Effects of the Clover Point Sewer on the Local Marine Ecosystem; Including the Shoreline. Report on Schedule A Submitted to the Ministry of Lands, Forests and Water Resources of the Province of British Columbia. Summary

Ellis, D.V. and J.L. Littlepage. 1972. Marine Discharge of Mine Wastes: Ecosystem Effects and Monitoring Programs. CIM Transactions: Vol. LXXV, pp.67-72. Abstract

Ellis, D.V. and L.Taylor. 1982. A Sea-Bed Biological Assessment to Answer Questions Raised by and Derived from the Waldichuk-Buchanan Report. Modified Proposal. Includes Budget.

Ellis, D.V. and L. Taylor. 1988. Biological Engineering of Marine Tailings Beds. Environmental Management of Solid Waste, Dredged Material and Mine Tailings. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. Ch.11, pp. 185-207.

Ellis, D.V., T. Koessler, G. Geen and C. Pelletier. 1971-1981. Statistical Reconnaissance of Monitoring Data From a Decade of Mine-Derived Turbidity. Abstract

Evans, J.B., D.V. Ellis, J. Leja, G.W. Poling and C.A. Pelletier. 1979. Environmental Monitoring of Porphyry Copper Tailing Discharged into a Marine Environment. Paper in Presentation at the XIIIth International Mineral Processing Congress, Warsaw, Poland, pp. 650-660. 39 pp. Abstract

Fisher, T. 2000. Island Copper Thermistor Project. Interim Report. 27 pp. and Appendices. Executive Summary

Foreman, R.E. 1974. June Reconnaissance of Benthic Sublittoral Communities in Rupert and Holberg Inlets. Report to Island Copper Mine. 24 pp.

Johnson, D. 1980. Concerning Investigations Utilizing SEM/ Microprobe X-ray Analysis of Copper Particles in Various Tissues of Mytilus edulis. Preliminary Report to Dr. Ellis. Contains Numerous Electronmicrographs.

Box 11

Jones, A.A. 1975. The Role of Biologists in Pollution Control Branch Decision-Making, With Particular Reference to the Ganges Harbour and the Utah Mines Case. Report Submitted to the University of Victoria School of Public Administration. 73 pp. Abstract

Lewis, A.G. 1971. Analysis of the Biological Sampling Program for Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters Being Carried out by T.W. Beak Consultants Limited: Benthos, Intertidal, Zooplankton Sections. 6 pp.

Lister, D., G.W. Poling, I.A. Horne and M.G. Li. 1999. Prediction and Reality: Static Analyses Versus Actual Rock Weathering in Waste Dumps at Island Copper Mine, Port Hardy, BC Abstract

Littlepage, J.L., D.V. Ellis, R.W. Drinnan and J.J. Dobrocky. 1972. Distribution of Mine and Mill-Tailings in a Marine Inlet; and a Comparison of Methods of Measurement. Submission to the Public Inquiry into Waste Discharge from the Mining, Mine-Milling and Smelting Industries. 8 pp.

Lucas, A.R. and P.A. Moore. 1973. The Utah Controversy: A Case Study of Public Participation in Pollution Control. Natural Resources Journal 13 (1). pp. 36-75.

Lyons, W.B, G.A. Doyle, R.C. Petersen and E.E. Swanson. 1994. The Lymnology of Future Pit Lakes in Nevada: The Importance of Shape. Tailings and Mine Waste 1994, Balkema, Rotterdam, p. 245-Incomplete. Abstract

Parsons, T.R. 1991. The Meromictic Lake Alternative for the Open Pit Abandonment at Utah Mines. 15 pp.

Pedersen, T.F. 1993. The Beach Dump at the Island Copper Mine: A Brief Update.

Poling, G.W. 1973. Sedimentation of Mill Tailings in Fresh Water and in Sea Water. 12+ pp. Abstract

Santos, R.D.R. 1995. Electrical Conductivity of Acid Rock Drainage. Report for UBC Directed Graduate Course. 40 pp. Abstract

Westwater Research Centre. 1985. Impact Assessment, Monitoring and Management: A Case Study of Utah and Amax Mines. First Draft, Produced as Background for a Workshop at Westwater.

Wilton, M.J. and G.A. Lawrence. 1998. Evolution of the Island Copper Mine Pit Lake. CWRA 51st Annual Conference Proceedings, Victoria, BC, pp. 411-418. Abstract

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4. Consultants' Reports, 1970-1999

Beak Consultants Limited. 1970. A Preliminary Assessment of the Biological and Chemical Characteristics of Rupert Inlet, BC and Adjacent Waters. Report for Utah Construction and Mining Company, Ltd., Vancouver, BC 7 pp. and Tables.

Beak Consultants Limited. 1971. Biological Survey of Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters, June, 1971. Report to Utah Construction and Mining Company, Vancouver, BC 75+ pp. Abstract

Beak Consultants Limited. 1971. Biological Survey of Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters, September,1971. Report to Utah International Inc., Vancouver, BC 75+ pp. Abstract

Beak Consultants Limited. 1971. Pre-Operational Survey of Rupert Inlet, March, 1971. Report to Utah Construction and Mining Company Ltd., Vancouver, BC 32+ pp. Abstract

Beak Consultants Limited. 1971. Pre-Operational Survey of Rupert Inlet, October, 1970. Report to Utah Construction and Mining Company Ltd., Vancouver, BC 33+ pp. Summary

Beak Consultants Limited. 1971. Project Memorandum - J5000/1: August, 1971 Crab and Fish Survey. Report to Utah International Inc., Vancouver, BC 10+ pp.

Beak Consultants Limited. 1972. Biological Survey of Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters, December, 1971. Report to Utah International Inc., Vancouver, BC 86+ pp. Abstract

Beak Consultants Limited. 1972. Biological Survey of Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters, June, 1972. Report to Utah Mines Ltd., Vancouver, BC 42+ pp. Abstract

Beak Consultants Limited. 1972. Biological Survey of Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters, March, 1972. Report for Utah Mines Ltd, Vancouver, BC 57+ pp.

Beak Consultants Limited. 1973. Biological Results of the June, 1973 Survey. Report for Utah Mines Ltd, Port Hardy, BC 32+ pp.

Beak Consultants Limited. 1973. Biological Survey of Rupert Inlet and Adjacent Waters, December, 1972. Report for Utah Mines Ltd, Port Hardy, BC 62+ pp. Abstract

Beak Consultants Limited. 1974. Biological Results of the December, 1973 Survey. Report to Utah Mines Ltd., Port Hardy, BC

BHP-Utah Mines Ltd. and Rescan Environmental Services. 1988. South Wall Pushback: Description of Project and Related Environmental Issues. Prepared for Vancouver Island Regional Reclamation Advisory Committee. Executive Summary

Cameron, Mark 1999. Terrestrial Risk Assessment for Molybdenum at BHP Minerals Island Copper Mine Plant site. Keystone Environmental. Abstract

Dobrocky SEATECH Limited. 1974. Transmissometer Field Notes and Station Records: Diving Survey Results. A Report to Island Copper Mine. 32 pp.

Dunbar, D.S. Ocean Applied Research Ltd. 1997. Island Copper Flooded Pit Monitoring: A Comparison of Modelled and Measured Water Properties in the Flooded Pit (I). Submitted to BHP Minerals, Tucson, Arizona.

Keystone Environmental Ltd. 1997. Environmental Site Assessment: BHP Island Copper Mine, Port Hardy, BC, Vol. 1. Report Prepared for BHP Island Copper Mine. Executive Summary

Keystone Environmental Ltd. 1998. Supplemental Investigation and Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment Vol. 2: Appendices. BHP Island Copper Mine, Port Hardy, BC Report Prepared for BHP Island Copper Mine.

Keystone Environmental Ltd. 1998. Supplemental Investigation and Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment Vol.1: Report. BHP Island Copper Mine, Port Hardy, BC Report Prepared for BHP Island Copper Mine. Executive Summary

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Pelletier, C.A. and G.W. Poling. Rescan Environmental Services, Ltd. 2000. Closure Successes at Island Copper Mine. Abstract

Rescan Consultants Ltd. 1992. Island Copper Mine Decommissioning and Closure Plan: Hydrological and Metal Loadings Study Phase 1 Report. Submitted to BHP Minerals Canada Ltd., Port Hardy, BC Executive Summary

Rescan Environmental Services Ltd. 1994. Island Copper Mine Closure Plan: Preliminary Design of a Meromictic Lake in the Flooded Pit: A Passive Sulphide Precipitation System for ARD. Submitted to BHP Minerals Canada Ltd., Vancouver, BC Executive Summary

Rescan Environmental Services Ltd. 1999. Island Copper Mine: Tracer and Biochemical Studies to Determine the Status of Meromictic Conditions in the Flooded Island Copper Pit. Final Report Prepared for BHP Minerals Canada Ltd., Vancouver, BC Executive Summary

Rescan Environmental Services Ltd. 1999. Island Copper Mine: Dye Dispersion Study of Injection Plume in Pit Lake, March, 1999. Prepared for BHP Minerals Canada Ltd., Vancouver, BC Executive Summary

Rescan Environmental Services Ltd. 1999. Island Copper Mine: Summer BOD Rate Measurement in the Pit Lake, July, 1999. Prepared for BHP Minerals Canada Ltd., Vancouver, BC

SENES Consultants Limited. 1992. Waste Rock Sampling Manual. Prepared for Energy Mines and Resources CANMET-MSL Division. Abstract

SENES Consultants Limited. 1995. Review of In-pit Disposal Practices for the Prevention of Acid Drainage: Case Studies, Vol. 1. Final Draft Report. Prepared for the Mine Environment Neutral Drainage (MEND) Program, Canadian Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology (CANMET).

SENES Consultants Limited. 1995. Review of In-pit Disposal Practices for the Prevention of Acid Drainage: Case Studies, Vol. 2. Final Draft Report. Prepared for the Mine Environment Neutral Drainage (MEND) Program, Canadian Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology (CANMET).

Weston, S. Agriculture Consultants. 1970. Report on Developments and Progress in Reclaiming Waste Dumps and Tailing Ponds. Reprint of Paper Presented to the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Kamloops, BC 15+ pp. Abstract

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5. Government Reports, 1970-1997

Anon. 1987. Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual British Columbia Mine Reclamation Symposium. Organized by the Technical and Research Committee on Reclamation and Sponsored by the Mining Association of BC, the Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, and the Ministry of Environment and Parks. 280 pp.

Anon. 1992. Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual British Columbia Mine Reclamation Symposium. Organized by the Technical and Research Committee on Reclamation and Sponsored by the Mining Association of BC, the Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, and the Ministry of Environment, Land and Parks. 262 pp.

Anon. 1996. Summary Notes: MEND Prediction Workshop/ 4th Annual BC Mines ARD Symposium: "The Prediction of Acid Rock Drainage". Sponsored by MEND Prediction and Monitoring Committee and Ministry of Employment and Investment, Energy and Minerals Division.

BC Research. 1970. The Disposal of Mining and Milling Wastes With Particular Reference to Underwater Disposal. Report Prepared for the Department of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources, Water Resources Service, the Government of the Province of British Columbia. 42+ pp. Summary

Bollans, R.A., P.Eng, R. Crozier, R.P. Bio and N.R. McQuaker. 1989. Field Criteria for Sampling Effluents and Receiving Waters. Waste Management Branch, Ministry of Environment Report. 17 pp.

Broughton, L.M. and K.D. Ferguson. 1990. The Geochemistry of Westmin Resources Ltd. Myra Creek Mine Tailings After Thirty Months Exposure of Subaerial Tailings. Environmental Protection Branch, Pacific and Yukon Region, Regional Program Report 90-04. 89 pp. Executive Summary

Burd, B.J. Ecostat Research Ltd. 1997. Changes in Marine Benthic Community Structure in Alice Arm (1977 to 1995) After Ceasing Molybdenum Mine Tailings Discharge. Report Prepared for Environment Canada, Environmental Protection Branch. North Vancouver, BC 30+ pp. Summary

Davis, J.C., I.G. Shand and G. Christie. 1977. Physical and Chemical Oceanographic Data from Quatsino Sound - Neroutsos Inlet (1973-1976). Fisheries Research Board of Canada Manuscript Report Series No. 1415. 84 pp.

Geen, G.H. and K.L. Woodward, Eds. 1986. Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual Aquatic Toxicity Workshop. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences No. 1480 for the Department of Fisheries and Oceans. 330 pp.

Golder Associates Ltd. 1996. Report on Assessment of Metal Mine Submarine Tailings Discharge to Marine Environments. Includes Memorandum. Submitted to Environment Canada, Environmental Protection Branch. North Vancouver, BC 123 pp.

Goyette, D. and H. Nelson, 1977. Marine Environmental Assessment of Mine Waste Disposal into Rupert Inlet, British Columbia. Environmental Protection Service, Pacific Region, Surveillance Report EPS PR-77-11. 93+ pp. Abstract

Harding, L. 1983. Use of Fjords for Disposal of Mine Tailing. Reprinted from the Proceedings of the Third Symposium on Coastal and Ocean Management ASCE, San Diego, California, pp. 32- 51. Abstract

Hoos, R.A.W. and W.N. Holman. 1973. Pacific Region Mine Effluent Chemistry and Acute Toxicity Survey, 1973. Pollution Abatement Branch: Environmental Protection Service (Pacific Region) Report No. EPS 5-PR-73-10. 41 pp.

Howes, D.E. 1981. Terrain Inventory and Geological Hazards: Northern Vancouver Island. BC Ministry of Environment Assessment and Planning Division Bulletin 5. 105+ pp. Abstract

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Kuyucak, N. and P. St-Germain. 1993. MEND Program Project: "Passive Treatment Project at Heath Steele Mines". Final Research Report, Funded by New Brunswick and CANMET (via NBMDA). Executive Summary

Lang, B. 1996. Acid Mine Drainage Neutralization With Pulp Mill Combustion Ash. Final Report Submitted by Ground Control Engineering Ltd. to Environment Canada, Environmental Protection Branch. North Vancouver, BC 46+ pp. Abstract

Oldham, G.E. (Regional Waste Manager). 1993. Ministry of Environment, Land and Parks Permit, Under the Provisions of the Waste Management Act. Amended Copy. Issued to BHP Minerals Canada. 11+ pp.

Petrie, L. and N. Holman. 1983. PISCES IV Submersible Dives 1973- 1982. Department of Environment: Environmental Protection Service, Pacific Region: Regional Programme Report: 83-20. 314+ pp. Abstract

Reclamation Research Technical Advisory Committee. 1990. Reclamation Research Annual Report, 1989. Alberta Land Conservation and Reclamation Council, Edmonton, Alberta. Report No. RRTAC 90-1. 62 pp.

Sullivan, D.L. 1979. The Effects of Marine Disposal of Mine Tailings on Phytoplankton Productivity in Rupert Inlet, BC, 1974-1976. Department of Environment: Environmental Protection Service Regional Program Report: 79-16. 140 pp. Abstract

Venables, W.N. and E.E. Pearlman. 1970. Public Inquiry Into the Application From the Utah Construction and Mining Company, Vol. 1. BC Department of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources: Water Resources Service, Pollution Control Branch Report. 288 pp. Summary

Venables, W.N. and E.E. Pearlman. 1970. Public Inquiry Into the Application From the Utah Construction and Mining Company, Vol. 2. BC Department of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources: Water Resources Service, Pollution Control Branch Report. 254 pp.

Waldichuk, M. 1979. Mine Waste Disposal into the Sea and Impact of Metals on the Biota: A Comparison of Two Situations. Paper Prepared for the International Workshop on the Transfer of Pollutants in Two Southern Hemispheric Ocean Systems, Plettenberg Bay, Republic of South Africa, 23-25 April, 1979. 28 pp. Abstract

Waldichuk, M. and R.J. Buchanan. 1980. Significance of Environmental Changes Due to Mine Waste Disposal into Rupert Inlet. Fisheries and Oceans Canada and BC Ministry of Environment Review of the Mine Waste Disposal Problem in Rupert Inlet, BC 56 pp. Executive Summary

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6. Other Reports, 1971-2000

Allen, S.E. 1991. Chemocline Erosion in Proposed Island Copper Mine Lake. 10 pp. Abstract

Allen, S.E. 1992. Chemocline Erosion in Proposed Island Copper Mine Lake, Part 2. 13 pp. Abstract

Anon. 1993. A View from Strategy Perspectives; Legal and Institutional Aspect; Planning and Evaluation; and Security Aspect in Indonesia. Paper Presented at the World Coast Conference, The Hague Netherlands, as part of Integrated Marine and Coastal Resources Management.

Anon. 1996. Island Copper Closes in Spectacular Fashion. Mining Quarterly Vol.3, No.2, Fall 1996. A Publication of the Mining Association of British Columbia. 8 pp.

Anon. 1997. Environmental Care at Island Copper. Direction, June, 1997. 1 p.

Anon. 1998. Water and the Mining Industry. WWI, October, 1998, pp. 38-40.

Anon. ND. Island Copper Mine: Port Hardy, British Columbia. Pamphlet.

Aspinall, C. 1995. The Story of Island Copper. Book Written for BHP Minerals Canada Ltd. 184 pp. Abstract

Cleverley, B. 1993. BHP Mine Ideal for Garbage Disposal but CRD not Interested, says Official. Article in September 24, 1993 Edition of Victoria, BC Times-Colonist. 1 p.

De Lisle, R. 1983. Underwater Photographic Survey No. 1 of Island Copper Mine, Utah Mines Ltd.

Fleming, J., R. Walker and P. Wilton. 1993. Field Trip Guidebook. Trip 9: Mineral Deposits of Vancouver Island: Westmin Resources (Au-Ag-Cu-Pb-Zn), Island Copper (Cu-Au-Mo), Argonaut (Fe). Geological Association of Canada, Mineralogical Association of Canada and Canadian Geophysical Union Joint Annual Meeting, Victoria, BC 41 pp.

Gallinger, R., L. Gormely, R. Kistritz and A. Sobolewski. ND. Constructed Wetland Experiment for Treating AMD at Bell Copper. pp. 276-288. Abstract

Hay, A.E., R.W. Burling and J.W. Murray. 1982. Remote Acoustic Detection of a Turbidity Current Surge. Science 217: 833-835. Abstract

Hersey, W. 1971. Environmental Control: Field Work Sheets and Chemical Data. 52 pp.

Lawrence, R.W., G.M. Ritcey, G.W. Poling and P.B. Marchant. 1983. Strategies for the Prediction of Acid Mine Drainage. Abstract

Maata, M. 1993. Acid Mine Drainage Case Studies: 1. Bougainville Copper Mine, PNG and 2. Island Copper Mine, Canada. EOS 580 Assignment.

Marcus, J.J. 1997. Closing BHP's Island Copper Mine; A Study in Dignity, Honor, and Pride. Engineering and Mining Journal, February 1997, pp. 28- 34.

Mining Association of British Columbia. 1977. Submission to the Standing Committee on Forestry and Fisheries Respecting Bill C-38: "An Act to Amend the Fisheries Act and to Amend the Criminal Code in Consequence thereof". 11+ pp.

Moore, P. 1997. Hard Choices for Environmentalists and the Mining Industry. Presentation to the Prospectors and Developers of Canada. 12 pp.

Morin, K.A. 1994. Prediction of Water Chemistry in Open Pits During Operation and After Closure. Morwijk Enterprises Report, pp. 72-86. Abstract

Morin, K.A., I.A. Horne and D. Flather. 1993. The Appropriate Geochemical Monitoring of Toe Seepage from a Mine-Rock Dump. Preprint: 17 Annual Mine Reclamation Symposium, Port Hardy, BC Abstract

Ocean Applied Research. 1994. Progress Report #14. FAX Transmission from D.S. Dunbar to I. Horne. 28 pp.

Perry, K.A. 1993. Island Copper Mine Open Pit Conversion to Meromictic Lake. Prepared for BHP-Utah Mines Ltd., Island Copper Mine. 22 pp. Abstract

Stucchi, D. and D.M. Farmer. 1976. Deep Water Exchange in Rupert-Holberg Inlet. Pacific Marine Science Report 76- 10. 32 pp. Abstract

Utah Mines Ltd. ND. Suggestions re Representations of the Mining Association of British Columbia to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Fisheries and Forestry. Communication to the Mining Association of British Columbia. 10+ pp.

Vancouver Island Mine Development Review Committee. 2000. Re. Island Copper/ Omega Salmon Group Proposed Aquaculture Pilot Project.

Various Authors. 1973-2000. Inter-Office Correspondences, Facsimile Communications and Personal Communications. Concerning Island Copper Mine.

Watts, R. 1993. Dying Mine's Pit Pitched as Giant Garbage Dump. Article in March 5, 1993 Edition of Victoria, BC Times-Colonist. 1 p.

Willcocks, P. 1998. Mining for Crayfish and Caviar: A Plan to Extract a Novel Resource from a Depleted Copper Deposit. Toronto Compass Newspaper Article. 1 p.

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